Ever notice how many “C” words there are in cannabis-speak? When you first dive in, it’s a lot to keep straight. Here’s how these C’s relate, family-tree style.

Cannabaceae: (Canna-bay-see-eye) Just one of over 600 families in the plant kingdom. Namely, the family that includes…

Cannabis: A flowering genus of the Cannabaceae Family. Cannabis is one of eight “children” in this family, and dare we say the most famous.

For the purpose of our analogy, think of Cannabis as Mom to three very different plant-children (species). Indica is the mellow kid, while Sativa is typically known for being chock full of energy. These “sisters” are the plants revered for their medicinal and their psychoactive properties. Last but not least, the industrious Ruderalis, who most people call “Hemp” for short. These are the plants used for everything from clothing, to building materials, to fuel. Hemp and Sativa have strong biological ties, with debates over if their species is one and the same.

Cannabinoid: A cannabinoid refers to a single active chemical compound found in a plant. Cannabinoids are found in all types of plants, including cacao, echinacea, and… you know it: Cannabis. While the exact number is disputable, it’s safe to say that there are over 100 different cannabinoids found in cannabis!¹  These cannabinoids are primarily, but not exclusively, responsible for the plant’s therapeutic and psychotropic properties.

CBD: CBD, short for Cannabidiol, is one of the better known cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant. It’s a non-psychoactive cannabinoid, unlike its popular cousin, THC.

CBD is recognized for being a huge help in dealing with some of health’s most major adversaries. It’s anti-anxiety, anti-convulsive, anti-depressant, anti-inflammatory, and anti-nausea. CBD is also known for its sedative and muscle relaxant properties– such a good ally to have in your court!

As CBD can be extracted from Hemp, the little cannabinoid that could went mainstream when congress legalized hemp cultivation in December, 2018. Six months later, it’s no surprise that new CBD products are debuting daily.

Other “c”annabinoids include (but are by no means limited to) CBC, CBN and CBDV, each with unique medicinal qualities. While CBD has the limelight now, keep an eye out for CBG, or Cannabigerol. Like CBD, it’s non-psychoactive, and helps with inflammation, pain, ocular pressure, and digestion.

Fun fact: CBG is most plentiful in budding plants during the sixth week of growth, so it is harvested right before it begins to convert into the other cannabinoids. As with anything, as more research is conducted, we expect even more of CBG’s benefits will begin to unfold.

For a look at the cannabis and CBD products we offer at Curaleaf, visit curaleaf.com/curaleaf-products/


¹ Aizpurua-Olaizola O, Soydaner U, Öztürk E, Schibano D, Simsir Y, Navarro P, Etxebarria N, Usobiaga A (February 2016). “Evolution of the Cannabinoid and Terpene Content during the Growth of Cannabis sativa Plants from Different Chemotypes”. Journal of Natural Products. 79 (2): 324–31.